Running Digikam inside Docker

After my recent complaint about AppImage, I thought I’d describe how I solved my problem. I needed a small patch to Digikam, which was already in Debian’s 5.9.0 package, and the thought of rebuilding the AppImage was… unpleasant.

I thought – why not just run it inside Buster in Docker? There are various sources on the Internet for X11 apps in Docker. It took a little twiddling to make it work, but I did.

My Dockerfile was pretty simple:

FROM debian:buster
MAINTAINER John Goerzen 

RUN apt-get update && \
    apt-get -yu dist-upgrade && \
    apt-get --install-recommends -y install firefox-esr digikam digikam-doc \
         ffmpegthumbs imagemagick minidlna hugin enblend enfuse minidlna pulseaudio \
         strace xterm less breeze && \
    apt-get clean && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* /tmp/* /var/tmp/*
RUN adduser --disabled-password --uid 1000 --gecos "John Goerzen" jgoerzen && \
    rm -r /home/jgoerzen/.[a-z]*
RUN rm /etc/machine-id
CMD /usr/bin/docker

RUN mkdir -p /nfs/personalmedia /run/user/1000 && chown -R jgoerzen:jgoerzen /nfs /run/user/1000

I basically create the container and my account in it.

Then this script starts up Digikam:

#!/bin/bash

set -e

# This will be unnecessary with docker 18.04 theoretically....  --privileged see
# https://stackoverflow.com/questions/48995826/which-capabilities-are-needed-for-statx-to-stop-giving-eperm
# and https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/docker.io/+bug/1755250

docker run -ti \
       -v /tmp/.X11-unix:/tmp/.X11-unix -v "/run/user/1000/pulse:/run/user/1000/pulse" -v /etc/machine-id:/etc/machine-id \
       -v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime \
       -v /dev/shm:/dev/shm -v /var/lib/dbus:/var/lib/dbus -v /var/run/dbus:/var/run/dbus -v /run/user/1000/bus:/run/user/1000/bus  \
       -v "$HOME:$HOME" -v "/nfs/personalmedia/Pictures:/nfs/personalmedia/Pictures" \
     -e DISPLAY="$DISPLAY" \
     -e XDG_RUNTIME_DIR="$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR" \
     -e DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS="$DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS" \
     -e LANG="$LANG" \
     --user "$USER" \
     --hostname=digikam \
     --name=digikam \
     --privileged \
     --rm \
     jgoerzen/digikam "$@"  /usr/bin/digikam

The goal here was not total security isolation; if it had been, then all the dbus mounting and $HOME mounting was a poor idea. But as an alternative to AppImage — well, it worked perfectly. I could even get security updates if I wanted.

2 thoughts on “Running Digikam inside Docker

  1. Adding a patch to a Nix package is usually a matter of adding the patch to the `patches = […];` attribute of the package’s Nix expression, trying the install again and watching as it fetches all the build-time requirements and builds the new package for you.

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